Typhoid fever is a serious illness that can be fatal if not treated. The bacterium Salmonella typhi causes it, and symptoms include high fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. Cases of typhoid fever often increase during the monsoon season when flooding creates ideal conditions for bacteria to spread.
If you are experiencing a high fever during the monsoon season, getting tested for typhoid fever is crucial. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms for typhoid and how to protect yourself from this deadly disease.
Let’s get started.
An Overview of Typhoid Fever
Typhoid fever is a serious bacterial infection that typically affects the intestines and sometimes the lungs. The symptoms of typhoid fever can include high fevers, diarrhea, vomiting, headaches, and loss of appetite. This bacterium is usually spread through contaminated food or water. In some cases, it can also be spread through close contact with someone with the infection.
Treatment for typhoid fever typically involves antibiotics. AskApollo is one of the top health libraries that you can look at to get more information about Typhoid symptoms, causes, and treatments.
Where in your Body does Typhoid Fever Attack?
“Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that typically affects the intestines and digestive system. However, the bacteria can invade other body parts, such as the lungs and blood.”
Signs & Symptoms of Typhoid Fever
The most common signs of typhoid fever include:
- Muscle pain
- Loss of appetite
These symptoms usually last for around two to three weeks. In some cases, the fever can last for up to a month. Typhoid fever is a severe illness that can be fatal if it’s not treated properly. If you think you might have typhoid fever, you must see a doctor immediately. The sooner you start treatment, the better your chances are of recovering.
Causes of Typhoid Fever
There are different causes of typhoid fever:
- It can be caused by a bacteria called Salmonella Typhi.
- It can also be caused by a virus called Enterovirus.
- Typhoid is caused by exposure to contaminated water, food, or contact with an infected person.
- Fecal-oral transmission route is the most common way of typhoid fever.
Risk Factors for Typhoid
Several factors can increase your risk of developing typhoid, including:
Typhoid is more common in developing countries, where sanitation and public health infrastructure are often not as good as in developed countries. If you’re planning to travel to a country where typhoid is more common, be sure to get vaccinated before you go.
- Exposure to contaminated food or water
You can get typhoid by eating food or drinking water contaminated with the bacteria that cause the disease. This is more likely to happen in places where sanitation is poor, and sewage isn’t properly disposed of.
- Close contact with someone who has typhoid
You’re at increased risk of developing typhoid if you have close contact with someone who’s already sick with the disease. This could include living in close quarters with someone who has typhoid or caring for someone sick.
How is Typhoid Treated?
Typhoid is treated with antibiotics. The most common antibiotic used to treat typhoid is ciprofloxacin. Other antibiotics that may be used include ceftriaxone, azithromycin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. You will need to take antibiotics for at least 14 days. If you do not finish the medicine, the infection can come back. You should start feeling better in a few days after taking medicine. Drink plenty of fluids and get rest while you are taking medicine.
The Bottom Line
Suppose you live in or have recently traveled to an area where typhoid is common and you develop a fever during the monsoon season. In that case, it’s important to see a doctor immediately. Typhoid is a severe disease that can be fatal if left untreated, so it’s important to get prompt medical care if you think you may have it.